Anhydrous Ammonia Safety Training
The Fertilizer Institute in partnership with TRANSCAERSM created anhydrous ammonia safety training videos and documents. This six-part course is designed for emergency responders in communities where anhydrous ammonia is manufactured, stored, or shipped.
Overall goals of the training programs are to increase the responder’s awareness and understanding of the risks and potential outcomes associated with an anhydrous ammonia incident as well as enhance their ability to recognize and identify the presence of ammonia in an emergency using current placards, labels, containers, tank construction and other information. The course also helps viewers gain an understanding of the additional resources available, provide basic knowledge of the hazards of anhydrous ammonia and its chemical and physical properties, and perform basic control and confinement operations
II. Student Handbook
This student handbook is intended to accompany the properties, transports, railcars, and emergency response videos.
Learn about the uses of anhydrous ammonia, its physical and chemical properties (including pH, boiling point, liquid and vapor density, and expansion ratio), exposure, first aid consideration, and risk-based response decisions and recommendations. You can see images of an ammonia cloud and a tarp and cover control/containment method that can be used for some ammonia release incidents.
Familiarize yourself with the ways anhydrous ammonia is transported. Anhydrous ammonia can be transported by rail, barge, transport trailers, nurse tanks, and straight truck (also known as bobtails).
Transports – Hands-On Nurse Tanks
An overview of the markings, placards, and safety features of a nurse tank (also known as a bullet).
Transports – Hands-On Cargo Trailers, Nurse Tanks, and Straight Trucks
An overview of an anhydrous ammonia tank truck. Learn about the placard, emergency shutoff valve, internal valves, and bill of lading (shipping papers).
This video discusses contacting the railroad in an emergency and accessing railroad resources. It also details how to size up a scene, read shipping papers, gives an overview of tank cars used for transporting anhydrous ammonia by rail.
VI. Emergency Response
Review the potential release phases that can be encountered when dealing with an anhydrous ammonia release. And learn about plume modeling and weather impacts on ammonia releases, life safety (how to determine and protect downwind threats), environmental impacts and communication issues, and control and containment options.